There is a dynamic balance in place between the layers of plaque and the body’s natural defence.
Human mouth is the home to about 700 types of bacteria. These create layers of plaque on our teeth and gums and metabolise certain parts of our food, especially sugars, which in turn generates acid. Teeth consist mainly of hydroxyapatite, an alkaline compound that makes up for approximately 97% of the enamel – the outside layer of our teeth, and 70% of dentin – the layer underneath. This alkaline compound reacts with the acid and teeth become defective. The bacteria harboured in the defects multiply and proceed to create cavities.
Human body, however, has a built in defence system – the saliva. This defence system keeps the bacterial colonisation in check and protects the oral cavity from bacteria overgrowth. There is a dynamic balance in place between the layers of plaque and the body’s natural defence. Saliva consist mainly of water (approx.99%), various salts (including sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium in the form of chlorides, carbonates and phosphates), mucus, enzymes (amylase breaks down starches and lipase breaks down fats), antibacterial components and lysozyme. Lysozyme is the most important antibacterial agent that breaks down bonds in peptidoglycan, the main building block of the cell wall of Gram positive bacteria. The mouth also contains a smaller amount of Gram-negative bacteria. Our saliva contains substances that fight these bacteria but in case of high contamination by food, air or water, the antibacterial components in the saliva are not enough to curb the bacteria overgrowth and local infection may develop, such as canker sores, gum infection, or cavities. Another important role of the saliva is to keep the pH values inside the mouth balanced between 6.2 and 7.4. When consuming food that contains various forms of sugar, the pH drops under 7 and the environment of the mouth becomes acidic, causing damage to the teeth.
To prevent these problems we recommend rinsing with a mouthwash. Ecoheart mouthwash has disinfectant and antiseptic properties, it prevents fungal infections, freshens the breath and neutralises free acid that damages the tooth enamel. It is made out of pure natural ingredients and doesn’t contain fluorides, because fluorides in toothpaste prevent the teeth from absorbing fluorides contained in the saliva – the day to day natural way of remineralisation. Our mouthwash removes plaque, kills bacteria that cause dental cavities, gum infections and unpleasant odour. It contains ethanol as its active disinfectant and herbal extracts (e.g. cloves, pine) that add to its antibacterial effects. The disinfectant properties of the mouthwash are synergistic, this means that the ingredients working together are more effective than each one of them working individually. The concentration of these ingredients is fine-tuned to ensure that not all bacteria in the oral cavity is destroyed. The mouth needs to keep a certain microflora to still be able to effectively metabolise the individual elements of our nutrition. This is why we carefully adjusted the concentrations of the individual ingredients to ensure the highest effectiveness while keeping it perfectly safe to use.
Brushing with atoothpaste may not besufficient for proper disinfection of the oral cavity. That is why we shouldalways chose to use mouthwash after brushing. As the toothpaste stays in themouth for longer, it gets more diluted and the concentration of the activeingredients may not be sufficient to fully disinfect the mouth. This is easilyremedied with the use of Ecoheart mouthwash.